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Sunflower District

Cheyenne County
212 E Washington
PO Box 667
St. Francis, KS  67756-0667
785-332-3199 Fax
Contact Us

Sherman County
813 Broadway Room 301
Goodland, KS 67735-0002
785-890-4879 Fax
Contact Us

Wallace County
118 N Gardner   
PO Box 189
Sharon Springs, KS 67758
785-852-4284 Fax
Contact Us


Calendar Managers


Upcoming Events

K-State Wheat Plot Tours in Cheyenne, Sherman and Wallace Counties in mid-June.  Exact dates will be announced.
CropTalk Webinar Series
For a complete listing of the sessions, with handouts and recordings, follow the link above.

Information for Your Farm

Sign Up To Get Emails from Jeanne on what she is finding in the field!
Header for Email Signup
K-State Soil Test Interpretations and Fertilizer Recommendations in Kansas Updated Publication
This publication was recently updated to include efficacy for application methods.
Spring Freeze Injury to Kansas Wheat
This K-State publication has charts for injurious temperatures for 2 hours, based on growth stage, and pictures of injury.
K-State Mesonet
Get up-to-date information for air temperature, wind speed, and soil temperatures.
2023 Status of the High Plains Aquifer Bulletin
from the Kansas Geological Survey
K-State Chemical Weed Control Guide
details on controlling Canada thistle and bindweed on pages 145-147
Discolored Horizontal Banding on Newly Emerged Wheat
Discolored Bands on Newly Emerged Wheat
Check out our local weather data from Kansas Mesonet stations in Cheyenne, Sherman and Wallace Counties
Find the cold temperatures and how long it stayed below 32 degrees on the Kansas Mesonet Freeze Monitor 

Information for Wheat Drilling

Seeding Rates and Seeds per Row Interactive Chart

Research Report for Seeding Rates for Dryland Wheat

Wheat Seed Treatments for Seed Lots with Fusarium Head Blight (Head Scab)


Planning Your Last Irrigation for Our Summer Crops

Recent K-State Agronomy eUpdate article by Lucas Haag

Water Use of Crops
Results from the Wheat Plots from around the area are available!
There are results from the area demonstration plots and performance tests.
Germination Testing for Wheat
Directions for At-Home Germination Testing
Sending A Sample to Kansas Crop Improvement, includes Form
Germination Test: $20
Seed Count: $4
Bring 2lb wheat sample to the Extension Offices or the Experiment Station by August 11.
Moisture Effect on Wheat at Harvest
Video discussing moisture effect on wheat test weight and protein
Moisture on Wheat Video
Resources on Hail Damage to Crops
Hail Damage Corn
Many resources to assess damage, get ready to work with crop insurance and manage the recovering crop.
Weeds peaking out of wheat before harvest?  There are 7 herbicide options labeled as harvest aids for use before wheat harvest.
Download the Preharvest Weed Control in Wheat Chart
Latest K-State Agronomy eUpdate Article with Additional Information
(an updated version will be coming with flumioxazin added)
Seeing White Heads in Your Wheat?  It might be infected with Fusarium Head Blight (Head Scab)
K-State Publication on Fusarium Head Blight
Fusarium Head Scab on Wheat
Fusarium Head Blight on Kernel
K-State Wheat Variety Guide 2022
This guide has ratings for tolerance and susceptibility of varieties to several diseases.  Pages 17-18 are a summary table, to make it easier to look up several varieties.  Most varieties commonly planted in western Kansas are fairly susceptible to fusasium head blight, but be sure to check your varieties.
Are you getting updates on what Jeanne is seeing in the field?  
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Kochia Control
Preplant Herbicide Applications
Fields Going to Corn or Sorghum
Fields Going to Soybeans, Sunflower or Wheat
Training for Paraquat and Dicamba Products
Details on these training requirements in the latest K-State Agrononomy eUpdate
Link to Paraquat training
Needed for mixing, loading and applying paraquat products
(you will have to create an eXtension account to get to the training)
Dicamba Training opportunities
Needed for label-required dicamba training when applying the restricted use dicamba products: Engenia, XtendiMax or Tavium with Vaporgrip
BASF:  (webinars, online training and face to face)  engeniaherbicide.com/training.html
Bayer/Monsanto: (online training and face-to-face)
Syngenta: https://www.syngenta-us.com/herbicides/tavium-application-stewardship


Check the windchill for your area at Kansas mesonet
Large numbers of fall armyworm moths (Miller moths) may mean problems for wheat and alfalfa this spring
Recent K-State Agronomy eUpdate article
Detailed information on fall armyworm
Drilling Wheat
Seeding Rate Worksheet with Tool to Convert Seeds per Acre to Pounds per Acre
Seeding Rate Research for Northwest Kansas
Starter Fertilizer
Saved Wheat Seed - and the Regulations


Making Decisions on Drought Stressed Crops


Biomass Production and Nutrient Update of Drought-Damaged Corn

(from K-State Agronomy eUpdate)

Article with Summary of 2022 Sampling of Dryland Corn

(from K-State Agronomy eUpdate)

K-State Nitrate Poisoning publication

Custom Rates for Haying and Sileage

Sileage: page 11

Haying: pages 12-14


Harvesting Short and Thin Wheat
from K-State Agronomy eUpdate
Weed Control Ahead of Wheat Harvest
from K-State Agronomy eUpdate
Chart with PreHarvest Wheat Weed Control Herbicides


K-State Chemical Weed Control Guide
Information on controlling bindweed is in the noxious weed section on page 142


Dryland Crop Rotations at Tribune (Wheat and Sorghum in 4-Year Rotations)
Link to all dryland research results at Tribune
Research report for 4 year rotations
Pictures of wheat showing 1st year wheat vs 2nd year wheat in rotations - Taken May 13, 2022
Has It Been Windier Than Normal?
K-State Agronomy eUpdate Article


Estimating Wheat Yields
K-State publication
Sign up to Receive the K-State Agronomy eUpdate weekly newsletter
Tools for making Farm Program Selection
Overall AgManager Website for Farm Program Info
Fact Sheet on PLC vs ARC-Co
Spreadsheet Decision Tool
Projections and Sources for MYA prices
K-State Limited Irrigation Study at Tribune
from 2012 to current
Wheat Drilling Information
Coleoptile Lengths
Amount of N+K20 fertilizer with seed
Table for Seeds per Acre vs Pounds per Acre
Wheat Test Plot Results for Northwest Kansas
Demonstration Plots in Cheyenne, Sherman and Wallace Counties
K-State Performance Tests
Colorado State Performance Test Results
Germination Testing for Wheat
Have your sample checked at Kansas Crop Improvement or check it at home
Bring your two pound wheat samples (with form and check) to the Extension office by noon on Friday, August 6 or Tuesday, August 17
Cost: $19 for germination testing and $4 for seed count (seeds/lb)
Guidelines for at-home testing
KCIA form
What affect does weeds after wheat harvest have on following crops?
K-State Research Report from Tribune
How does changing header height affect next year's corn/sorghum yields?
Research report from Tribune Station looking at yields from 2007-2019
Other Research Reports from Tribune
Wheat Disease Identification Booklet
Fusarium Head Blight (Head Scab)
Fusarium Head Blight fact sheet
Seed Treatment Fungicides for Wheat Disease Management
Video from Jeanne on Fusarium Head Blight (Head Scab)
Wheat Streak Mosaic
K-State Wheat Streak Mosaic Publication

Want to get email updates on what is happening in the field?  Sign up here!


Calibrating Boom Sprayers publication

a step-by-step guide for calibrating your sprayer

Boom Sprayer Calibration Steps Worksheet


Forage Yields As Effected by Available Soil Water at Planting and In-Season Precipitation

Download the research report


Kochia Control with Fall Herbicide Applications

Kochia Control in Different Crops

Research from Curtis Thompson in the Cover Your Acres proceedings (page 22)


Abnormal Corn Ears Resources

K-State's Abnormal Corn Ears

Ohio State's Abnormal Corn Ears Poster

Purdue's Arrested Corn Ears Publication


Wheat Seeding Rates

Wheat Seeding Rates - pounds per acre to seeds per acre 
Optimum Seeding Rates
Newsletter Article about Research on Wheat Seeding Rates
Radio Program on increasing seeding rates in October


Selecting Your Next Wheat Variety

Wheat Test Plot Results (local demo plots and performance tests)

K-State Wheat Disease and Insect Ratings publication

Compare results on two varieties from multiple years of performance tests in the area using Colorado Wheat Variety Database (RamWheatDB)


It is nearly time to scout for Western Bean Cutworm in corn

Comprehensive resources from UNL

Latest update from UNL Cropwatch newsletter including scouting and treatment recommendations

Jeanne's radio program



Does your wheat stubble height have an affect on next year's corn and sorghum yields?

Click here to read the study!


K-State Army Cutworm publication

Additional information in Wheat Insects


Freeze Injury Resources

K-State Spring Freeze Injury in Wheat publication

Video on what Jeanne looks for on freeze injury (YouTube)

K-State Agronomy eUpdate Articles on Freeze Injury

Preliminary Assessment of Freeze Injury from Across the State

Options and Crop Insurance

Herbicide Recropping Restrictions


Estimating Wheat Yields


Wondering about Army Cutworms in Wheat?

K-State Publication on the life cycle and economic thresholds

YouTube video from Jeanne

Army Cutworm picture




Click on the picture below to read more about kochia.

baby kochia

Palmer amaranth with Multiple Resistance

Manhattan Palmer amaranth population with resistance to auxin herbicides 2,4-D and dicamba (Research by Dallas Peterson)

Barton County Palmer amaranth population with resistance to 2,4-D (Research by Vipan Kumar)


Alternative Crops:

Spring Oats

 in the Small Grain Cereals for Forage K-State publication


Spring Wheat Production Information

 From Alternative Crops presentation in the Cover Your Acres Proceedings Booklet

page 7 of the PDF


Industrial Hemp

Collection of Resources from Research at Universities


Field Peas

Using field peas as a fallow alternative

Pea Performance Test Results

2019 Results coming soon!


Dry Beans

Collection of Resources on Dry Beans, including resources from Colorado State University and University of Nebraska


Read the latest discussion about the winter weather outlook

from the Climate Protection Center here!


With the wind comes the chance for erosion. Be prepared!

Read more about emergency wind erosion control here!


Do you know about Kansas Ag Mediation Services (KAMS)?

Click here to read about all of the different services you can take advantage of!


Harvesting Lodged Corn

Jeanne's article on strategies for harvesting the lodged corn in our area

Tips for Harvesting Lodged Corn from Ohio State University Extension

Harvesting Lodged Corn from Iowa State Univeristy


Wondering How Freeze Damage Might Affect the Corn and Sorghum?

Click here to read Fall Freeze Damage in Summer Grain Crops!


2019 Wheat Variety Disease and Insect Ratings



Did you get hail with the storms?

Check out these hail publications discussing potential yield loss


 Plant Tissue Sampling

Click here to read more about it!


Western Bean Cutworm is a pest in corn that we need to keep an eye on!

Listen to Jeanne's radio report on Western Bean Cutworm

Handy Bt Trait Table

Western Bean Cutworm Central (General information)

Latest Western Bean Cutworm Information


Wheat Stubble Height on Subsequent Corn and

Grain Sorghum Crops research report from Tribune


Video: Wondering about the effects of rain on wheat test weight?

- and - Learn about protein content in wheat!


hail damage

Are you wondering about the stage of growth for your corn?

Click on the chart for a printable version!


 corn chart


How much fertilizer can safely be placed with seed?

Click here to read more about it!


Need some information on how a freeze might still impact your wheat?

Click here to read more!

spring freeze injury


Learn about nitrogen rates for wheat on page 4 of this publication.


Soil Temperatures at 2" Charts


Spring Fieldwork Troubles on the Horizon


 Palmer amaranth resistance to 2,4-D and dicamba confirmed in Kansas

Click here to read about it!




Field Research on Preemergence Treatments for Kochia Control 



K-State Sulfur Publication: Sulfur in Kansas - Plant, Soil and Fertilizer Considerations


Alternative Cropping Systems Limited Irrigation Research Report

Researching rotations: Continuous corn, continuous sorghum, corn-sorghum, corn-wheat with 10 inches/year at K-State Research Station in Tribune, KS


The Handy BT Trait Table

Which BT Traits Do You Need to Buy?


Stalk Rots of Corn and Sorghum

Click here to read more!


Kochia accessions with cross-resistance to dicamba and

fluroxypyr identified in western Kansas

Click here to read the article!


Fall Freeze Damage in Summer Grain Crops

Click here for the article!


Harvesting Grain from Freeze-damaged Sorghum

Click here to read more!


Corn Grain Dry Down in Field From Maturity to Harvest

Click here to read the article.


Grain Sorghum and Early Freeze

Click here to read more!


Could nematodes be in your field?

Click here for more information!


Need more info on redrilling wheat?

Click here


Coleoptile Length Chart

Check out the updated version here.


Wheat Streak Mosaic

Click here to read more information!


Starter Fertilizers for Wheat

Click here to read more about them!


Wheat Streak Mosaic can be economically devastating.

Click here to read more about it.


Nitrate Toxicity

Click here for more information!


Hail....did you get some?

Check out the Hail Damage resource page!


Are weeds taking over your wheat stubble?

Click here to read about the importance of weed control post-harvest!


It's time to start scouting for Western Bean Cutworms in corn!

Click here for more information!


Goss's Bacterial Wilt and Leaf Blight of Corn

Click here to read about it!


Did you get hail?

Click here to evaluate hail damage to corn!


Here's a quick reference for estimating your wheat yields!

Click here to read more information.


Alternative Cropping Systems with Limited Irrigation

Click here for more information!


What you need to know about kochia control!

Click the graph for more information!


Do you have questions about wheat coleoptile lengths?

Click here for more information!


Are you seeing this in your fields?

Click on the picture for more information!



Tissue sampling your corn?

Guidelines for tissue testing and chart with 'normal' levels

Check out the video with information on sampling corn


K-State Mesonet for calculating growing degree days for your area



Tillage Intensity Study in Long-Term Wheat-Sorghum-Fallow Rotations


Does it pay to test your soil?
soil test chart